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Medieval History

The Middle Ages covers an enormous period ranging from the Roman Emperor Constantine's conversion to Christianity in 313 C.E., through the early medieval period known as the Dark Ages, to Martin Luther's launching of the Protestant Reformation in 1517. Battles and tournaments, feasts and festivals are all here, making up an exciting picture of the era we know as the Middle Ages.

Fashion and Dress in the Middle Ages

Sumptuary laws established in the middle ages restricted clothing expenditures to maintain class structure. English laws governing fashion and dress were first recorded in...

A Brief History of Gothic Architecture

Gothic architecture in Europe and Great Britain grew out the Crusades. The rounded arches in churches soon evolved to the strong arch and Gothic...

Fugitives in Medieval England

As an outlaw in the medieval period there were few options available to maintain your freedom. Men and women in medieval England who were accused...

Commoners of Medieval Europe

The lowest members of society, the medieval commoners of Europe were broken down into two classes each with individual ranks and titles. The medieval...

Noble Medieval Class Structure

For nobles of medieval Europe, a title would be rewarded to a person who performed some service to the monarch and would usually...

Poisoned Pen Manuscripts and Red Ink

Monks who copied Bibles and other classical literature during the Dark Ages may have died of mercury poisoning. Colorful inks from various mineral...

Royal Medieval Class Structure

Not even the royal families of Europe, the most powerful people of their time, could escape from being broken down into feudal class...

The Sport of Jousting and Medieval Tournaments

Jousting is often depicted in film as quite a romantic sport, with the lady gracing her champions lance with her scarf. In reality it...

Music in Medieval Times

The songs, musical instruments and performers who entertained all classes of society, from drinkers in alehouses, through to aristocracy in the royal courts. In...

Sources of Income for the Medieval Monastery

A medieval monastery is traditionally seen as a place of solitude and spirituality. Despite the individual poverty of monks, a monastery could be...

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The Story Behind Christmas Carols

During the pre-Christian days in Europe, carols were originally pagan songs celebrating the winter solstice. In ancient Rome and Greece, the people sang carols for...

Medieval Christmas Traditions

The Christmas of the Middle Ages combined a rich mixture of secular, pagan Druid customs with the evolving religious Christian traditions. The Christmas celebrations of...

History and Meaning of Black Friday

Hordes of edgy predawn shoppers line up for hours outside stores on the day after Thanksgiving for deals, deals, deals! Everyone knows that Black Friday...