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European History

Significant events in European history include the Roman settlements, the Viking Explorations, the Renaissance, the Reformations, the Age of Enlightenment and the French and Industrial Revolutions. Europe's story includes states, monarchies and revolutions. Its wars range from the Thirty Years' War to the Cold War to the War on Terror. European History is filled with fascinating people including Pliny the Younger, Leif Ericson, and Marquis de Pombal.. Explore their stories and worlds with us.

Food and Diet for the Rich and Poor in Tudor Times

A look at what people ate in the sixteenth century and the differences in diet between the rich and the poor. The Tudor Age (1485-1603)...

Machiavelli and Politics of Power through Force and Propaganda

Machiavelli`s ideas have been both influential and controversial in the fields of social and political theory and offer a dark pessimistic view of humanity. Niccolo...

The Rise of Nationalism During the Renaissance

The movement of nationalism had its foundations in the changing world of the Renaissance and was brought about by vernacular language and economic factors. There...

Fascism Was Not Limited to Germany and Italy in the 1930s

Fascist movements sprang up throughout Europe in the 1930s and were strong in not only Germany, Italy and Spain, but in both Allied and...

The Norse God Tiwaz or Tyr and the Origin of Tuesday

"Tuesday" is a strange, arbitrary name for a day; just about as strange and arbitrary as "Wednesday". So, why is Tuesday called "Tuesday"? Tuesday is...

Witchcraft and Religion in the Reformation

During the Reformation, witchcraft was a complex problem. To understand witchcraft during this period, one needs to recognize the role religion played. Religious teachings and...

The Terms and Conditions of the Treaty of Versailles, 1919

The Treaty of Versailles signed after the First World War came to an end, imposing very harsh territorial, military and economic conditions on Germany. The...

Life for the Pilgrims Before the Mayflower

In 17th Century England it was a crime to be Separatists. Soon-to-be Pilgrims could lose life, house, or suffer imprisonment before the Mayflower. Pilgrim History...

Importance of Mass in Early Modern Europe

John Bossy's interesting article explains three aspects of the Mass in Europe prior to the Reformation as well as its overall importance to the...

Torture: The Evolution of European Torture and Torture Methods

From the third century to twentieth century, from the Greeks and Romans to all of Europe, the meaning and methods of torture have greatly...

Latest article

The Story Behind Christmas Carols

During the pre-Christian days in Europe, carols were originally pagan songs celebrating the winter solstice. In ancient Rome and Greece, the people sang carols for...

Medieval Christmas Traditions

The Christmas of the Middle Ages combined a rich mixture of secular, pagan Druid customs with the evolving religious Christian traditions. The Christmas celebrations of...

History and Meaning of Black Friday

Hordes of edgy predawn shoppers line up for hours outside stores on the day after Thanksgiving for deals, deals, deals! Everyone knows that Black Friday...