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European History

Significant events in European history include the Roman settlements, the Viking Explorations, the Renaissance, the Reformations, the Age of Enlightenment and the French and Industrial Revolutions. Europe's story includes states, monarchies and revolutions. Its wars range from the Thirty Years' War to the Cold War to the War on Terror. European History is filled with fascinating people including Pliny the Younger, Leif Ericson, and Marquis de Pombal.. Explore their stories and worlds with us.

Fascism Was Not Limited to Germany and Italy in the 1930s

Fascist movements sprang up throughout Europe in the 1930s and were strong in not only Germany, Italy and Spain, but in both Allied and...

The Norse God Tiwaz or Tyr and the Origin of Tuesday

"Tuesday" is a strange, arbitrary name for a day; just about as strange and arbitrary as "Wednesday". So, why is Tuesday called "Tuesday"? Tuesday is...

Witchcraft and Religion in the Reformation

During the Reformation, witchcraft was a complex problem. To understand witchcraft during this period, one needs to recognize the role religion played. Religious teachings and...

The Terms and Conditions of the Treaty of Versailles, 1919

The Treaty of Versailles signed after the First World War came to an end, imposing very harsh territorial, military and economic conditions on Germany. The...

Life for the Pilgrims Before the Mayflower

In 17th Century England it was a crime to be Separatists. Soon-to-be Pilgrims could lose life, house, or suffer imprisonment before the Mayflower. Pilgrim History...

Importance of Mass in Early Modern Europe

John Bossy's interesting article explains three aspects of the Mass in Europe prior to the Reformation as well as its overall importance to the...

Torture: The Evolution of European Torture and Torture Methods

From the third century to twentieth century, from the Greeks and Romans to all of Europe, the meaning and methods of torture have greatly...

Did the Nazis Create the European Union?

The roots of the European Union date back to the 1920s. However leading Nazis also planned the creation of a European Union during the...

George C. Marshall – Nobel Peace Prize

The year is 1947 and the Europeans are still suffering from the biggest catastrophe ever to befall them. Entire infrastructures have been destroyed. Economies...

A Defence of Neville Chamberlain and Appeasement

Neville Chamberlain is one of the most criticised figures in 20th century history, not least because of the comparison with his contemporary, Winston Churchill,...

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Royal Marine Commandos in the Korean War

United Kingdom's elite Marines fought alongside their American and South Korean Marine brethren from 1950 to 1952. The Korean War, fought from 1950 to 1952,...

United States Military Reform Post Civil War

Between 1865 and 1900 the United States' Army and Navy changed in direct relation to the threats the nation faced. The reforms the United States...

Legend of Cyrus the Great of Persia’s Childhood: Story of the Founder of the...

Cyrus the Great was the founder of the most successful Persian Empire. The legend of his birth, however, is fascinating, and sets the stage...