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European History

Significant events in European history include the Roman settlements, the Viking Explorations, the Renaissance, the Reformations, the Age of Enlightenment and the French and Industrial Revolutions. Europe's story includes states, monarchies and revolutions. Its wars range from the Thirty Years' War to the Cold War to the War on Terror. European History is filled with fascinating people including Pliny the Younger, Leif Ericson, and Marquis de Pombal.. Explore their stories and worlds with us.

The Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I and the Austrian Habsburgs

Emperor Ferdinand I of the Holy Roman Empire (1503–1564) established the Austrian branch of the Habsburg dynasty as inheritors of the imperial title. He...

The Territorial Inheritance of the Habsburg Emperor Charles V

Emperor Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire (1500–1558), concurrently King Carlos I of Spain, was at one time ruler of most of Europe...

History of the Traditions of Saint Valentine’s Day

St. Valentine's Day is a worldwide festival where people send flowers and cards to lovers and friends. But where does the tradition arise...

Austrian Anschluss and the Catholic Church: Nationalism and Fear of Marxism Motivated Catholic Support

In a nation where 91% of the population was officially Catholic, over 99% voted in favor of joining Austria with Nazi Germany due in...

Otto von Habsburg Bridged the Dual Monarchy with the EU

Otto von Habsburg died on July 4, 2011, the son of the last reigning emperor of the empire of Austria-Hungary, at the age of...

The Lemon, One of Isabella d’Este’s Many Status Symbols

Isabella d'Este, Marchioness of Mantua, (1474-1539) knew a status symbol when she saw one. In those days, the lemon tree was expensive and rare. Isabella...

The Borgias

The Borgias were the most infamous family of the Renaissance, best remembered for their climb to power through murder and corruption within the Papacy. Calixtus...

The Bankruptcy of Greece in 1893: Depression, Loans, Export Trade and the Greek Economy

Excessive borrowing, the collapse of Greek currant export trade and the effects of the Long Depression led the Greek state to declare bankruptcy in...

Cruel Treatment of Women After World War II

Although not as brutal as their Red Army allies, soldiers of the Western nations mistreated and exploited European women after World War II. Soviet troops...

La Pastora – The Extraordinary Life of Teresa Pla Meseguer

Raised under exceptional circumstances, the exploits of this member of the Spanish armed resistance against Franco´s regime have become legendary. From Fact To Fame In 2011...

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Schönbrunn Palace in ViSchönbrunn Palace in Vienna: A UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site in...

Much has been written about the palace residence, designed by Johann von Erlach between 1696 and 1712. It boasts over 1000 rooms, but the...

Battle of Little Bighorn: 51 – Locating Hostiles

Yellowstone River Having advanced from Fort Ellis in Montana, General John Gibbon remained along the Yellowstone River, waiting to make contact with General Terry and...

Roxane, The First Wife Of Alexander The Great: A Story Of Intrigue And Adventure...

Hidden by her father in a remote fortress, a girl whose name means "little star" would come to marry the most powerful man in...