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Medieval History

The Middle Ages covers an enormous period ranging from the Roman Emperor Constantine’s conversion to Christianity in 313 C.E., through the early medieval period known as the Dark Ages, to Martin Luther’s launching of the Protestant Reformation in 1517.
Battles and tournaments, feasts and festivals are all here, making up an exciting picture of the era we know as the Middle Ages.

Royal Authority in Visigothic Spain

The Visigoth Crown was dependent on the Spanish Church and the Visigoth Nobility for its Authority, a relationship that weakened the Crown and...

Hypatia: Pagan Philosopher of Alexandria, Victim of Christian Violence

Hypatia is something of a footnote in history-most noted for her violent death at the hands of a saint’s mob of thugs. But since...

The Council of Clermont

Pope Urban the Second set in motion the First Crusade with his incendiary call to arms at Clermont in 1095. The Council of Clermont,...

Harold and the Battle of Stamford Bridge

King Harold’s Dilemma By mid-September of 1066 the newly crowned English king, Harold Godwinson, was faced with a terrible dilemma. All summer long he had been...

An Overview of Henry II Plantagenet

Henry II Plantagenet, surnamed Curtmantle, was the grandson of Henry I of England, and great-grandson of William the Conqueror His mother, the Empress Matilda,...

The Peoples of Britain: The Vikings of Scandinavia

On June 8, 793AD, the Vikings announced themselves with typical ferocity when they suddenly appeared off the Isle of Lindisfarne in the North Sea,...

Medieval Armor: The Brigandine

How the brigandine protected The brigandine was a great torso protector. The inner and outer sides were leather, but sandwiched in between the layers of...

Celtic Christmas Traditions

Over the centuries, the holiday traditions evolved and morphed into the festival Christmas is today. Of course the commercialization is the most recent development...

Round Churches and Bornholm

Round churches are not unique to Bornholm or Denmark but exist in various locations throughout Europe. In fact, there are about twenty-two round churches...

Preaching in Medieval England Book Review

Preaching in medieval England is a scholarly look at preaching in England at the end of the Middle Ages. For more than eighty years,...