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Medieval History

The Middle Ages covers an enormous period ranging from the Roman Emperor Constantine’s conversion to Christianity in 313 C.E., through the early medieval period known as the Dark Ages, to Martin Luther’s launching of the Protestant Reformation in 1517.
Battles and tournaments, feasts and festivals are all here, making up an exciting picture of the era we know as the Middle Ages.

Medieval Armor: The Brigandine

How the brigandine protected The brigandine was a great torso protector. The inner and outer sides were leather, but sandwiched in between the layers of...

The Council of Clermont

Pope Urban the Second set in motion the First Crusade with his incendiary call to arms at Clermont in 1095. The Council of Clermont,...

The Medieval Manor

A medieval manor was an estate owned by a Lord of the Manor, granted to him by the monarch. The Lord of the Manor...

Macbeth and Duncan, History not Myth

Macbeth (c1005-1057) was the son of Finlaich, Mormaer of Moray, a sub-kingship he later inherited. Today Moray is a tiny if rich county. Then...

The Valkyries: Guides to Valhala

The concept of the Valkyrie in Norse mythology evolved over time. At first they were creepy spirits of death that hovered carrion-like over the...

Modern and Medieval Thought

To understand and assess rational thought and its importance to Christianity, medieval thinkers investigated the literature of Plato and Aristotle. The outcome of their...

Hospitality in the Medieval Monastery

The guest house of a medieval monastery offered similar hospitality to a modern-day hotel, with both rich and poor people entitled to food and...

Aethelflaed Lady of the Mercians

Aethelflaed was a high-status Anglo-Saxon woman who lived at a time when few women held power or influence. She was a military leader and...

Medieval England and Vikings: The Culmination of the Viking Influence on England, Part 2

In the Danelaw and Northumbria, a sense of independence from the rest of England evolved that would later cause the Normans to be harsher...

The Making of Catholic Saints in the Middle Ages

Medieval beatification and canonization were not always bestowed from Rome, holiness was recognized by communities and authorised by local bishops. As attested to by...