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European History

Significant events in European history include the Roman settlements, the Viking Explorations, the Renaissance, the Reformations, the Age of Enlightenment and the French and Industrial Revolutions. Europe’s story includes states, monarchies and revolutions. Its wars range from the Thirty Years’ War to the Cold War to the War on Terror. European History is filled with fascinating people including Pliny the Younger, Leif Ericson, and Marquis de Pombal.. Explore their stories and worlds with us.

Roger Boscovich Bettero: Jesuit Scientist

Rogelio (Roger) Boscovich was born in Ragusa (also known as Dubrovnik), Croatia on May 1711. His father, who was paralyzed, died when Roger was...

Welsh History: The Beginnings of a Nation

A Nation Emerges Wales was probably inhabited as early as 250,000 B.C. (the Lower Palaeolithic Age). Hand-worked tools have been found at various sites that...

Edwin: Northumbria’s Shining Star

Northumbria was the largest of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, comprising the former lands of Bernicia and Deira. As such, it wielded more than just geographical...

Life in Regency England, Part 3: Summer Resorts

Remaining in London once the Season was over was a serious faux pas-no members of society were willing to be seen in London once...

Christianity in Kent: Not Exactly an Inquisition

Augustine (not the famous one but a namesake) arrived in Kent in 597. He and 30 other monks were sent by Pope Gregory I...

The Significance of the Hill-Fort: Economic

We have seen earlier how the hill-forts of ancient Britain provided the military chieftains of the time with excellent defensive and reconnaissance capabilities. Now,...

Early Arthurian Britain – The House of Constantine

In the early fifth century, Gaul was overrun by the Alans, Vandals and Sueves. Britain, nearly devoid of Roman troops and not hopeful of...

Fascism Was Not Limited to Germany and Italy in the 1930s

Fascist movements sprang up throughout Europe in the 1930s and were strong in not only Germany, Italy and Spain, but in both Allied and...

The Theft of Joseph Haydn’s Skull: Composer’s Cranium Had a Strange Post-Mortem Adventure

In the midst of royal intrigue and pseudo-scientific machinations, Haydn's head spent many years traveling outside of his gravesite. On May 11, 1809, Joseph Haydn...

Nennius and Arthur’s 12 Battles

Sometime in the 9th century (most scholars say c. 830), a monk named Nennius wrote the Historia Brittonum. This History of the Britons goes...