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Middle Eastern History

From the earliest civilisations to Biblical times, from the era of the Crusades to the Ottoman Empire and the founding of its modern nations, in times of peace and of conflict, the history of the Middle East is as rich and diverse as any region of the world. Discover, in these pages, the history of some of the peoples that have made their mark in this vast and influential part of the world. Among them: the Persians, Jews, Arabs and Nabateans. Explore through the written word, the history of the great cities of this vast region: Jerusalem, Baghdad and Damascus to name but a few.

The First Caliphs and the Rise of the Islamic Empire

When Muhammad died unexpectedly in 632 CE no one was in place to take over leadership of the expanding Islamic world. The resulting power...

Unilateral Approach to River Jordan Resource Development in 1950s

Following the War of Independence (Nakba), riparian neighbours took the unilateral approach to the use of the River Jordan as an essential water resource. At...

Jewish Rulers in Foreign Lands

Though a people without a nation for millennia, the Jews produced powerful rulers at some points of history in the countries where they lived...

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, Struggle for Independence & Modern Turkey

After securing independence in the 1920s, Ataturk initiated political and social reforms which remain the cornerstones of Turkey's secular state. Born in 1881, Kemal Mustafa...

The Legendary Origins of Coffee

Not much is known about the early history of coffee, and many tall tales and legends have arisen to fill in the blanks of...

The 1982 Israeli Invasion of Lebanon – Back Story

The operational objectives of the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982 are relatively well known, less so the complex back story to the event. On...

The Ottoman Harem – Concubines, Odalisques and Eunuchs

The fascinating world of the beautiful women that lived to satisfy and entertain the Sultan at the Ottoman court, surrounded by castrated slaves. During the...

Causes of the Six Day War

The causes of the six day war (also called the 1967 war) between Israel and its Arab neighbors are important to understanding Arab-Israeli relations...

An Overview of Lake Kinneret, the Biblical Sea of Galilee

Today Lake Kinneret, the Biblical Sea of Galilee, also known as Lake Tiberias (and historically by many other names), still plays an important role...

Muhammad and the Early Islamic State

Due to the way in which influential biography’s on Muhammad’s life, sayings and movements were written centuries after his death, it is difficult to...
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