Friday, June 24, 2022

Medieval History

The Middle Ages covers an enormous period ranging from the Roman Emperor Constantine’s conversion to Christianity in 313 C.E., through the early medieval period known as the Dark Ages, to Martin Luther’s launching of the Protestant Reformation in 1517.
Battles and tournaments, feasts and festivals are all here, making up an exciting picture of the era we know as the Middle Ages.

Barbary Pirates, The Terrors of the North African Coast

This was no coincidence. The spark that lit the flame was the Crusading era, which began in 1095 and did not end until 1303....

Celibacy in the Early Middle Ages

Clerical celibacy in the Roman Catholic Church is usually traced to the 4th Century CE and was subsequently strengthened and reaffirmed by the papacy....

Controversy Over National Trust Reenactment Policy

I was somewhat surprised when visiting the National Trust Derbyshire property, Calke Abbey, in August 2011 to be greeted in the entrance hall by...

The Acquisition of Bourges by Philip I of France

In his 48 year reign, Philip I, 1060-1108, managed to increase his demesne by shrewd political manoeuvring, outright conquest and by means of a...

St Augustine and his Mother Monica

The early life of St Augustine was a 4th Century example of Christ’s Prodigal Son. This profligate schoolmaster of eleven years left his Christian...

Christina of Denmark, Duchess of Milan

Christina was born in Nyborg, Denmark in the year of 1522. She was the second living daughter of Christian II of Denmark and Isabella...

Pirates All – Barbarossa, His Brothers and Their Successors

They were Ishaq, Aruj, Ilyas and the youngest and most famous, Khair ad Din, who became known to Europeans as Barbarossa, or Red Beard. Prisoner...

St. Brice’s Day Massacre

During the years that started with the Viking raids, England, then ruled primarily by Anglo-Saxon kings, felt vulnerable to what was widely regarded as...

Cleanliness and Sanitation in the Middle Ages

The Middle Ages are often seen as a time when there was little knowledge about health and sanitation. But, attempts were made to keep...

The Cult of the Virgin Mary in the Middle Ages

In the Middle Ages, Mary, the Mother of Jesus, was held in high regard and her cult regarded across Europe. To the medieval...