Monday, November 28, 2022

John Newton: Sailor to Slave Ship Captain

The man who wrote the hymn "Amazing Grace" led a colorful life before penning his famous hymn lyrics. Perhaps the best-known slave-ship captain in history...

Taíno Caciques of Hispaniola and Columbus’ Men

The Taíno were all but erased from history within a generation of Columbus’ arrival; but before disease, violence, and slavery killed off the Taíno...

San Juan de Ulúa Battle of 1568: John Hawkins and Francis Drake

On September 16, 1568, Hawkins and Drake sailed seven ships single file toward San Juan de Ulúa with the English flag flying. Only two...

Early Caribbean Slave Revolts, Rebellions, and Conspiracies

Caribbean slave owners kept careful watch for suspected slave rebellions and thwarted most very quickly, but the Coromantees and Maroons kept trying. The Caribbean islands...

Irish Catholics Indentured in Colonial Barbados

Irish Catholics and Scots "Barbadosed" by Oliver Cromwell did not fare well as indentured servants. With both religious and political origins, Oliver Cromwell’s invasion of...

The Death of Anacaona: Executed by the Spanish at Santo Domingo

After her husband Caonabo was shipped to Spain by Christopher Columbus and her brother Behechio died, Anacaona ruled so well she was hanged for...

Hawkins and Drake’s Accidental Voyage to San Juan de Ulúa

Before becoming privateers for Queen Elizabeth, slave traders Hawkins and Drake took a detour to San Juan de Ulúa. The greed of John Hawkins and...

The Slave Trade: Slave Ship Voyages to the West Indies

Before the Middle Passage to the West Indies, the typical slave ship spent up to a year off the coast of Africa collecting slaves. A...

Barbados: Indentured Servants to African Slavery

The first plantation-based society in the Caribbean, Barbados set the example for slave-based monoculture by moving from indentured servants to slave labor. Plantation societies require...

Pre-Columbian Caribbean Life: The Taíno

Taíno is an ethnohistoric term used to describe certain tribes in the Virgin Islands and Greater Antilles between 1200-1500 AD. They are distinguished from...