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Chinese History

China is one of the oldest civilizations on this earth. This is, after all, the country that gave us Peking Man, who lived three-quarters of a million years ago. More realistically, the Chinese figure their civilization dates back just 5,000 years.

The Chinese base their history through the ages on dynasties, and generally consider the Xia Dynasty (2000 – 1200 BC) to be the first dynasty. The last dynasty was the Qing Dynasty which ended in 1911 when the youngster Pu Yi abdicated as the last emperor of China.

In decades past, China was considered a Third World country. No more. In the 21st century, it is emerging as a Super Power. To understand how China got to the point it is today, it is important to understand its past.

Sui – China’s Fifth Dynasty

The Sui Dynasty reunified China and helped to rebuild the country, paving the way for the glory of the Tang Dynasty. The short-lived Sui Dynasty...

The Impact of the Steppe Peoples

From the Cimmerians to the Manchus, the nomadic horse riders from the Asian Steppes have swooped down on the sedentary peoples of Europe and...

Mongol Warriors and the Composite Bow

Genghis Khan began the Mongol invasions but it was the powerful composite bow which carried their civilization out of the steppe. The Mongol tribes of...

Pu Yi – The Last Emperor of China

While on her deathbed the Empress Dowager Cixi chose the infant boy Pu Yi to be China's next emperor. In December 1908 he ascended...

An Introduction to Chinese History

China is the most ethnically diverse country in the world: it has more ethnic minority people of more different types than any other...

China’s Great & Crumbling Wall

The Great Wall of China was built to protect the country from northern invaders. From ancient centuries to the 1930s, millions of soldiers defended...

The Jurchen

The Jurchen (also known as the Jin) were the semi-nomadic people who had taken over the north of China. In 946, the Khitan people...

Historical Portrait of the Muslim Chinese

The Hui are one of the most important and peculiar of China's minorities because of their unique place inside China's socio-historical space. Unlike some other...

The Opium War and the Opening of China

China before the Opium War was closed to the West. Foreign trade was strictly controlled by the government. The Chinese had a false sense...

Tang Dynasty History

The Tang Dynasty was golden age in China. Art, philosophy, literature and technology all flourished during this period. International trade grew along the Silk...