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Ancient History

Welcome to Ancient History! Here you will learn about the Ancient Classical History of the Greeks and Romans, as well as the Egyptians and other ancient civilizations that helped shape Western culture. From decisive battles to cultural and social revolutions, we'll examine the most interesting and unique aspects of ancient times.

Leptis Magna – An Ancient Roman City in Africa

Leptis Magna, a city on the coast of Libya, was a prominent city in Africa in the days of the Roman Empire. Leptis Magna, located...

The History of the Ptolemaic Period: The Last Dynastic Era of Ancient Egypt

The Ptolemaic Period began with the invasion of Ancient Egypt by the Macedonian King Alexander the Great in 333 BC. It is called the...

The Myth of Odysseus and Aeolus

The homesick Odysseus makes a powerful friend who gives him a great gift, but when nearly home he is undone by the greed of...

Cupid and Psyche: A romance of mythical proportions

Venus, the Roman goddess of love and beauty, was widely considered the most beautiful woman in the world, mortal or divine. So, you'd think...

Berenice IV Queen of Egypt

The sister of Antony’s Cleopatra assumed control of Egypt for two years during the exile of her father Ptolemy XII but was beheaded at...

Ancient Maps and Cartography

One of the earliest forms of non-verbal communication is mapping. One must credit the early explorers and map makers for the majority of...

Who Are The Semites?

For over five thousand years people we now refer to historically as Semites moved across the ancient Near East. Their legacy is still unfolding...

Akitu – The Babylonian New Year Festival

The calendar of the ancient Near East was usually replete with festivals that honored the gods according to the season. One of the most...

Curious Kinds of Roman Gladiators

These particular fighters with very specific functions can be sorted in six groups: 1. Andabatae They were Noxxi (see below), who fought each other wearing helmets...

Classical Greek and Roman Sculptures: Artistic Expression Inspired by War, Politics, and Religion

Art from Classical Greek to The Roman Empire reflects the dramatic and influential societies. Victory and religion influenced artistic expression. The Temple of Athena Nike...
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Latest article

The Origins of Thumbs Up or Down: Life or Death

Thumbs up in some cultures is a sign of approval, while in others, it is a sign of disrespect. Where did it come from? The...

From Papyrus to Paper

Papyrus is an Egyptian water plant that has enabled man to preserve from oblivion the records of dynasties long since passed into history. The...

Qanats: Ancient Underground Aqueducts

Approximately 3000 years ago, clever technicians in the Middle East developed a method for moving water that was reliable, ecologically sound, pollution-free, long-lasting and...