Monday, October 26, 2020

Otho: Roman Emperor for Three Months

Apparently well meaning, but surely ineffective, Otho – the second ruler in the Year of the Four Emperors – lasted only three months in...

Romans And Barbarians – Part 1

People who had not been actively civilised by the Romans themselves or the Greeks before them were viewed by the Romans as barbarian. The...

The Ninth Roman Legion: Myths, Truths and Propaganda

First, let’s take the legend of the disappearance in Caledonia. It is highly unlikely that such a crack unit of the Roman Army as...

Pliny, Tacitus, Josephus and Jesus: Why These Writers Don’t Prove Jesus Existed

Christian scholars will point to passages that occur in the writings of Tacitus, Pliny and Josephus to prove that Jesus existed. This requires a...

The Administrative and Governmental Buildings of the Roman Forum

The Forum Romanum was the main and central forum of the city of Rome. It became the economic, political, and religious center of the...

Territorial Expansion of the Roman World

Expansion during the Early Roman Republic (509 - 265 B.C.E.) The Italian peninsula was inhabited principally by several native tribes before the Greeks settled there...

The Praetorian Guard – Bodyguards and Kingmakers

The elite force was supposed to protect the emperor and his palace, police Rome, interrogate and guard the emperor’s prisoners as well as to...

Romans And Barbarians – Part 3

Sometimes the freedom enjoyed by the hitherto un-Romanized Britons was valued more highly than the supposed benefits of civilization, especially if that civilization was...

Octavia, Wife of Nero: Seneca’s Tragedy – Roman Empress Octavia’s Marriage, Exile and Death...

Octavia was the daughter of the Roman Emperor Claudius and his wife Messalina. Her mother was executed in their childhood for committing adultery, and...

Curious Kinds of Roman Gladiators

These particular fighters with very specific functions can be sorted in six groups: 1. Andabatae They were Noxxi (see below), who fought each other wearing helmets...